Raja Harishchandra (1913)
Raja Harishchandra was the first silent feature film made in India. Dadasaheb Phalke, the director of the film was in charge of scriptment, direction, production design, make-up, editing, along with film processing. Fun fact, as no women were available to play female leads, male actors performed the female roles for the movie.
Anna Hari Salunke is the first person to perform as a heroine in Indian cinema. He played the role of Rani Chandramat in Raja Harishchandra. He was also the first person to play the roles of both the hero as well as heroine in 1917 in Lanka Dahan.
Mohini Bhasmasur (1913)
Mohini Bhasmasur was the first Indian film in which actresses were used.
Durgabai Kamat was a Marathi actress, who was the first female actress of Indian cinema alongside her daughter Kamlabai Gokhale who was the first female child actress of Indian cinema.
Alam Ara (1931)
Alam Ara was the first Indian sound film by Ardeshir Irani. As this was the first sound film, the movie also gave birth to the first song of Indian Cinema, De de khuda ke naam per. Playback singing had yet to start in India then which is why the song was recorded live with musical accompaniments of a harmonium and a tabla. Actor, Wazir Mohammed Khan was the singer for the song making him the first recorded singer of Indian Cinema.
Kisan Kanya (1937)
Kisan Kanya is India’s first colour film. Directed by Moti B. Gidwani, the movie was not a commercial success but is still remembered as the first ever movie made in colour. This indeed was a stepping stone for Indian Cinema.
Jhansi Ki Rani (1952)
Jhansi ki Rani was India’s first Technicolor film in the early 1950s which was produced by Sohrab Modi. In layman’s terms, Jhansi Ki Rani was the first print to be converted from black and white to a color print.
Sangam is the first Indian Film to be shot abroad. The trend was picked up by mostly every other director post Sangam. It was also the first movie to have two intervals!
Mother India (1957)
Mother India being a monumental movie for Indians was also the first Indian movie to ever be submitted for best film in Foreign Language for the Academy Awards!
Hum Aapke hein Kaun (1994)
A musical family rom-com, Hum aapke hein kaun was the first Indian film to make a gross over 100 crores domestically.
Dilwale Dulhania Le Jayenge (1995)
Dilwale Dulhania Le Jayenge is the longest running film in the history of Indian cinema that played in theaters for almost 20 years, 1009 weeks to be precise. The last show was screened on February 19, 2015.
Roadside romeo (2008)
Roadside Romeo was the first Indian 3D animated film. It was a a joint venture between Yash Raj Films and the Indian division of the Walt Disney Company.